Robust Flow-Guided Neural Prediction for Sketch-Based Freeform Surface Modeling
TimeThursday, 6 December 20183:18pm - 3:39pm
DescriptionSketching provides an intuitive user interface for communicating freeform shapes. While human observers can easily envision the shapes they intend to communicate, replicating this process algorithmically requires resolving numerous ambiguities. Existing sketch-based modeling methods handle these ambiguities by either relying on expensive user annotations or by restricting the modeled shapes to specific narrow categories. We present an approach for modeling generic freeform 3D surfaces from sparse, expressive 2D sketches that overcomes both limitations by incorporating convolution neural networks (CNN) into the sketch processing workflow.
Given a 2D sketch of a 3D surface, we use CNNs to infer the depth and normal maps representing the surface. To combat ambiguity we introduce an intermediate CNN layer that models the dense curvature direction, or flow, field of the surface, and produce an additional output confidence map along with depth and normal. The flow field guides our subsequent surface reconstruction for improved regularity; the confidence map trained unsupervised measures ambiguity and provides a robust estimator for data fitting. To reduce ambiguities in input sketches users can refine their input by providing optional depth values at sparse points and curvature hints for strokes. Our CNN is trained on a large dataset generated by rendering sketches of various 3D shapes using non-photo-realistic line rendering (NPR) method that mimics human sketching of free-form shapes. We use the CNN model to process both single- and multi-view sketches. Using our multi-view framework users progressively complete the shape by sketching in different views, generating complete closed shapes. For each new view, the modeling is assisted by partial sketches and depth cues provided by surfaces generated in earlier views. The partial surfaces are fused into a complete shape using predicted confidence levels as weights.